Physics Noble Prize awarded to British ,German and American scientists for black hole research
7 oct 2020
This year noble prize for Physics was announced by “The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences “ to three scientists for their discoveries about the intriguing phenomenon of the universe ,(The Black Hole).
The academy has decided to spilt the award by 2 half .The first half of the award is given to Roger Penrose and the second half of it to Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez. Penrose showed that the general theory of relativity leads to the formation of black holes . Genzel and Ghez discovered that an invisible and extremely heavy object governs the orbits of stars at the centre of our galaxy.
Penrose used mathematical methods in his proof thta black holes are a direct outcome of Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity.Penrose has also have proved that black hole can form and described them in detail he also mentioned that black hole hide asingularity in which all the laws of nature cease .He said this all in Jan 1965 ,ten after Albert Einstein’s death. World largest telescopes where used to study the huge clouds of interstellar gas and the dust to the centre of the Milkyway by Genzel and Ghez . they also developed new unique instruments and also committed them self for long term for this research . There hard work and there dedication to there work has given them the positive result after a long period of time . The chair of the David Haviland of the noble committee for physics has said this has opened a path to the study of compact and supermassive objects