In the midst of a military crisis with India, China has passed a new land border law.

25th Oct,2021

In the midst of a military crisis with India, China has passed a new land border law.



China's national legislature has adopted a new law on the protection and exploitation of land border areas, stating that the country's sovereignty and territorial integrity are "sacred and inviolable," which could have an impact on Beijing's border conflict with India.

The bill was passed by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) at the end of a legislative session on Saturday, according to the state-run Xinhua news agency.The law, which takes effect on January 1 next year, states that "the People's Republic of China's sovereignty and territorial integrity are sacrosanct and inviolable."

The state must take steps to protect territorial integrity and land borders, as well as to prevent and resist any conduct that jeopardises territorial sovereignty and land borders.

The Chinese military is required by law to "carry out border tasks," which include organising drills and actively preventing, stopping, and combating invasion, encroachment, provocation, and other acts.

State support for the creation of border towns, as well as strengthening their function and strength, is a key feature of the new law.While the border issues between India and China span 3,488 kilometres along the Line of Actual Control, the China-Bhutan conflict is just about 400 kilometres long. The new land boundary law was passed in the midst of a military standoff in eastern Ladakh between Indian and Chinese forces.

On October 14, China and Bhutan signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) outlining a three-step path for accelerating border negotiations, which Beijing claims will help speed up border talks and diplomatic ties.